Building a safe and durable roof for a home or other building involves planning and carrying out a number of important steps. Each step is necessary to make sure the roof can do its job to safeguard the structure from wind, rain, snow, and ice, protect the building from water leaks, and even help reduce its flammability. A safe installation also involves proper preparation and handling of materials at the roof construction site.
Here is what we will cover:
- Roof Inspection and Materials
- Project Plan for Roof Construction
- Removing the Old Roof
- Constructing a New Roof
- Inspection and Closing
- Prestige: Experienced Roofing Professionals
How Do You Build a Roof?
Before You Start
Before your roof replacement project begins, there are a couple of important steps to take first. These are getting a thorough inspection of the existing roof and putting together a project plan.
Roof inspection: A roof inspection of your old roof will give your roofer some important information. The roofer will assess the design and structure of your roof, which will help them determine the right roofing materials and other components. It will also determine the techniques and tools that will be required, what type of remediation of existing problems might be needed, and other details. Your roofer will pay attention to details like drainage and openings so that they can plan to order the right components to make sure water runoff will be properly redirected away from your home. The roofer will also determine the type of building permits needed for the project.
As part of the inspection, your roofer may suggest a few things for you to do to prepare the site. For a residential roofing project, this might include trimming tree branches and bushes that overhang the roof and moving items in the yard that will impede work, such as tools or yard furniture close to the house.
Project plan: Your project plan is vital to a successful project. If you are building a new roof, you will choose a style of roof and work with an architect to complete the design the roofer will use to build it. There are many types of roof to choose from. If it’s a roof replacement, you will set a budget and select roofing materials. Your choice will also depend on the style of your home, the roof pitch, the climate in your area, and roof designs in your neighborhood, especially if there are homeowners’ association guidelines to be followed. Your roofer will go over roof material choices with you, which, in some cases, may also include roof fixtures, gutters, or other items that are needed. This is a good time to ask questions about durability and performance of the materials.
Your roofer will complete the project plan with the intended roof design and provide the total estimated cost of the job. Now that you have the plan, work can begin.
Steps to Build a Roof
Your materials have arrived and your project is now underway. There are three major stages to carry out to build your new roof.
Remove the Old Roof
The first step, removing the old roof, happens as follows:
- Remove loose debris like branches, nails, broken roof shingles, and other items on the old roof. This clears the way for workers to expedite the roof removal.
- Examine the roof for visibly damaged areas, such as moisture or rot that could endanger a roofer. Make any repairs needed to stabilize that area and make sure the roof deck is in good condition for construction of the new roof.
- Remove components such as flashing and drainage to ready the roof so tiles can come off.
- Remove the old roofing materials. They may come up individually, in sections, or be cut into pieces for removal, such as asphalt tiles.
With the roof removed, another close inspection is carried out to find any areas of the frame and underlying areas that need repair.
Once the preparation of the roof area is complete, it’s time to install the new roof.
Install the New Roof
The new roof is built layer by layer, and the roof materials installed from the bottom roof edge upward.
- Install the underlayment. This usually consists of self-adhesive waterproof sheets that roll out and cover the roof deck to protect the structure from water and ice.
- Add a layer of tar paper that will help direct water that gets under the shingles to roll off the roof. It also helps to reduce flammability. This material is attached in sections and stapled to the underlayment.
- Install the roofing materials. If they are shingles, this starts at the bottom and the shingles are layered downward to direct water flow toward the ground. The shingles are attached using a nail gun. Metal roofing will be installed in sheets and attached with screws of the same material. This is the most time-consuming part of the project.
- Install the metal flashing around roof fixtures that overlay the edges of the new roof shingles, preventing water leaks. Reattach or install gutter systems, as needed. For metal roofs, add the edging or eaves to finish off the installation.
- Cap the roof ridge. These roof shingles run along the top ridge of the roof and are a different shape. They are attached with longer nails as they go through the initial layer of shingles.
- Check seals and clean up. The installer will do a final check for exposed or protruding nails, clean up debris, and make sure all components are installed properly.
- Inspection and Site Cleanup. The site supervisor will inspect the entire roof and make sure everything is securely and correctly installed. They will check that all roof openings, like vents and skylights, are properly sealed. Meanwhile, the entire property will be cleaned up of any stray nails and screws, roofing materials, tools, or other debris, so the property is left safe and in the condition it was before the project began.
Owner Inspection and Project Closure
Once the new roof is installed, the roofer will conduct a final inspection to ensure that the project was completed according to the plan and to your satisfaction. They will also explain the roof warranty and any upkeep that may be required.
The roof warranty will typically cover defects in materials and workmanship for a certain period of time. It is important to read the warranty carefully to understand what is covered and what is not.
The roof may also require some ongoing upkeep, such as cleaning and repairing any damage. It is important to follow the roofer’s recommendations for upkeep to ensure that your roof lasts for many years.
Prestige Roofing has been installing beautiful roofs in Las Vegas for over 25 years. If you are looking to replace your roof in the Las Vegas area, give us a call at 702-646-7536.
Prestige Roofing’s work ranges from service and repair work, re-roofing and new construction work, commercial and residential work. They have also done work for ultra-custom projects around the Las Vegas Valley.