Saving Energy and your Roof

According to the U.S. Department of Energy, more than half of the average American homeowner’s utility bill goes to pay for heating and cooling. If you live in Las Vegas like we do, you know how big that energy bill can get during very hot or very cold months. The good news is that there are a number of ways that you can make your home more energy efficient, and more comfortable. Your roof is one important part of that solution.

Whether you’re concerned that your home is actively losing hot or cool air through your roof, or you just want to make sure your roof is helping to keep your energy costs down, here are some steps you can take to make your roof as energy efficient as possible.

Assessing Your Roof’s Health

An important step in optimizing the energy efficiency of your roof is to make sure it is free of problems. It’s important to make stainless steel exhaust fan on roofregular checks of your roof, inside and outside the house, for signs of holes, leaks, mold or other damage that may be allowing energy to escape or creating other problems like contributing to asthma or allergies. A high utility bill may be your first sign you have a problem, or you may notices drafts, uneven temperatures from room to room, dry air in winter or a layer of dust in the rooms directly below your attic.

From outside, you may observe broken tiles or missing shingles, or see loose metal flashing around seams, fixtures or chimneys. You may notice signs of storm damage, such as damage from fallen branches or loose shingles due to high winds. You may have ice dams blocking your gutters in winter which can cause long-term damage as well.

Inside your home, check ceilings for stains from leaks in the roof. Visit your attic and identify gaps or holes that allow light or where you feel drafts or excess heat entering the room. Signs that your roof has mold or leaks are often visible to the naked eye. Water stains, discoloration and peeling or cracked paint may appear on your ceiling or walls. Many homeowners have a physical reaction to mold; if you find yourself experiencing symptoms such as itchy skin, a runny nose or watery eyes without any other obvious cause, mold from moisture getting into your roof may be to blame.

Checking for Adequate Attic Insulation

Clean work checking the energy efficiency of their house by measuring the thickness of fiberglass insulation in the atticOccasionally, signs like high utility bills, drafts or uneven temperatures throughout your home can be due to inadequate insulation in your attic. Performing a quick check of your insulation levels is easy. Take a look across your attic; if you can see your attic’s floor joists, your insulation is probably inadequate. Adding more insulation may help you save on your heating and cooling costs.

Roof Repair Options

If you discover that your roof does have holes, leaks, mold or other damage, or you find that your insulation is insufficient, you have the option of repairing your roof yourself. However, for all but the most experienced do-it-yourselfers, roof repairs are difficult. Attempting to repair a roof problem without the right knowledge and safety equipment can result in more damage that may be costlier in the long run. Hiring a professional roofer to carry out your repair may cost you money up front, but the savings on future repairs and on your utility bill can be substantial.  At Prestige Roofing, we offer a no-obligation free quote on fixing any roof problem.

To see for yourself how energy efficient your home is now, check how your home’s current energy use measures up and explore your potential energy savings.

Roof Replacement Options

Older homes, remodeled homes or homes built with inadequate roofing may require a roof replacement. If your home does Roofing trouble - damage to shingles that needs repairneed a complete roof replacement, choosing an energy-saving roofing material can help lower your utility bills even further. Homeowners who are truly serious about minimizing their home energy use related to heating and cooling may want to consider some of the newer “cool roof” technologies. Cool roofs are designed to absorb less heat and reflect more sunlight than a traditional roof and to minimize the need for air conditioning. They are particularly well-suited to hot climates like Las Vegas. Cool roofs can be made out of a range of materials, including light-colored and highly reflective paint, reflective shingles, tiles or solar paneling. “Green” roofs, or roofs finished with plants and grass, are an innovative type of cool roof that are particularly popular in warm, urban environments.

Installing Solar on your Roof

Solar energy is a growing part of the energy efficiency movement, offering an alternative source of energy to homeowners. Many homeowners choose this option where it is available, and it can result in both energy and cost savings over the long term. Solar panels can be safely installed on most types of roofs, including shingles, tile and metal roofs. Whether it’s a practical choice for your roof depends more on factors such as the angle and orientation of the roof to the sun and how much tree cover surrounds the home. However, before any solar installation, and especially if your roof is older or has sustained damage from weather, falling branches or other problems, be sure to have your professional roofer inspect your roof before the panels are installed. This gives you a chance to find problems that might otherwise be hidden and get worse after the panels are in place, making the repairs more difficult and more costly.

In the near future, expect to see more solar roofing options, including roofs made of solar tiles that look and act like regular roof tiles but that are actually solar cells that use the span of your roof to directly and efficiently provide energy to your home. Energy efficiency improvements will be a big part of the exciting future of roofs and roofing materials.

Save Energy with Tile or Metal Roofing

Whether made with reflective tiles or with more traditional tiles of concrete or clay, tile roofs are an effective option for reducing your energy bill. When properly installed, a tile roof lowers the amount of heat that is transmitted through the roof to the attic by almost 50 percent, according to the Oak Ridge National Laboratories. Tile is a durable insulator, preventing both cool and hot air from escaping your home.

Energy efficiency through copper roofing on new home in Henderson, NVMetal roofing is another quality roofing option that can provide homeowners with a significant savings on heating and cooling costs. Many homeowners are surprised to find that metal roofs help keep homes cooler during hot, sunny months, but in fact roofs made of metals such as copper and zinc are highly reflective and can save up to 40 percent on cooling costs during the summer. Moreover, metal roofs that are treated with reflective pigments can also re-emit as much as 90 percent of your home’s absorbed solar radiation for further energy savings. Metal roofs are exceptionally durable and add beauty and value to your home, even as you enjoy the energy efficiency savings they provide.

Ask a Las Vegas Professional Roofer

If you want your home to be more energy efficient, consider the important role your roof plays in keeping your energy costs under control. A simple roof inspection may turn up problems that can be easily repaired and start saving you money right away.  If you would like us to take a look at your roof or have any questions on how to make your roof more energy efficient, give Prestige Roofing a call today.


home decorated with Christmas lights on the roof and yard decorationsThe holidays are rapidly approaching and you may be thinking about your holiday light decor. Installing holiday lights and decorations to light up your home for all to enjoy is becoming more popular than ever.  Whole neighborhoods are lighting up with outdoor lights, from yard displays, to festooned trees, to lights all over the house exterior. Hanging those lights and decorations correctly is important for safety and to make sure the decorations hold up through any sort of winter weather or other holiday outdoor activities, like kids playing in the yard or snow shoveling.

After all, you don’t want this to happen to you, or your roof:


Prestige Roofing is happy to bring you some tips about holiday lights on your roof, so you don’t end up with a repair bill right before the holidays.

A Word about Roof Safety

Before you start any roof lighting project, always put safety first. No matter what your plan, it’s important to have a buddy on hand while you work – your partner or spouse, a trustworthy teenager,

a man at the top of a ladder adjusting the strands of exterior Christmas lights he is hanging on his house

friend or neighbor – to assist you. They can manage your tools and hand you supplies and decorations.  They can help you use the ladder safely by holding it in place. And, of course, if you do pull a “Griswald”, they are there to call for emergency help.

When mounting your ladder, you want to make sure it’s on level ground, securely in place. Have your helper spot you while you’re on the latter by holding the ladder to steady it.

Unless you are decorating the chimney or the ridge at the top of your roof, you should not need to walk on your roof,  which can be very dangerous and needs some knowledge as well as safety equipment. Great displays are ones people see from the street level, so it’s not really necessary to go above the eave line to have a beautifully decorated roof.

Any advice we give you here is just our opinion, of course, and we can’t take responsibility for your safety. If you do have to step on any portion of the roof surface, or even just in general for working from a ladder, where sturdy gym shoes that have a good grip and are easy on the roof surface. Our best advice, though, is, if you’re not used to working on a roof or ladder, and don’t have the proper safety equipment, hire an experienced, insured professional to install your roof decorations for you. You will get to supervise from the ground and focus on getting the design effect you’re looking for.

Check your Holiday Lights and Equipment

Christmas light strands on the eves of a homeAnother part of best safety practices with lights is to make sure that your strands are in good working order and that you have enough of them to cover the area you plan to illuminate. Of course, check and make sure they are all rated for outdoor use.

Draw up a plan to scale and add up the footage of holiday lights you have on hand. Lay the strands of lights out in your home a few days before you plan to install them. Look for any frayed wires that could be a fire hazard. Now’s a good time to replace broken or missing strands or bulbs. Promptly get rid of any strands that aren’t up to par, it’s not worth the risk.

Protect your Roof with Proper Installation of Holiday Lights

Before installing your lights on the roof, be sure to stock  up on plastic clips or hooks on hand for attaching the lights to the eaves or gutters. Unlike nails or metal hooks, plastic is less likely to damage the roof. Make sure you have outdoor extension cords where you need them. You can attach the light fountain and christmas lit house including lights defining driveway.strands to shingles, eaves or gutters.  Don’t hang anything heavy along with the lights as this can damage your roof components. If you find extremely loose gutters or fixtures, get them repaired before hanging lights on them, as they may further loosen or fall down during harsh winter weather, taking all the decorations with them.

Don’t use nails that will put holes in your roof. Structural integrity of the roof is vital because little holes can eventually lead to bigger holes and allow moisture to seep into the roof. Plastic lighting clips are a simple purchase and are very inexpensive. Most hardware stores carry these clips around their lighting and tree displays. You can also use plastic zip ties which will not harm your roof fixtures.  If you plan to put heavy displays on the roof (Santa and 8 reindeer?) be sure they are secured with something that doesn’t pierce the roof (such as storm-rated sandbags) so they don’t fall down and damage the roof (or a passerby) in a high wind.

Be Creative with your Holiday Roof Decorations

Now that the serious stuff is out of the way, it’s time to have a little fun with your lights. Holiday light displays are more creative than ever, and there are many great ways to show your holiday spirit and even join the neighborhood competition. You can outline your roof with lights, and also add lights to windows, doors, porches, even trees and bushes (just keep far from any power lines). You may want that clean white lights-only look that really gives a pretty sparkle to your home. Or choose varied colors for a fun look, blinking or not blinking. Here are examples of the kinds of lights available as explained by DIY expert Bob Vila. To really make your decorations stand out, you can add music, oversized tree ornaments, or even animated lawn characters. Just don’t get too carried away!

After the Holidays

Have fun with your holiday decorations and enjoy them for as long as you (and the neighbors) want. Santa Claus in the chimney and sack of gifts on the roof with Christmas lightsOnce the holidays are over, make sure you are just as careful taking them down as you were putting them up. Don’t pull or yank on the strands to avoid damage to the components they are attached to. Don’t rush. Remove heavy items slowly and carefully to avoid accidents.

While you’re doing all this, if you do find any roof damage like  loose gutters, broken tiles, holes, leaks or other roof problems, give Prestige Roofing a call. Catching roof problems early can save you lots of money down the road and get your roof ready for next year’s (even bigger!) display.  Happy Holidays from the entire Prestige Roofing family.

The Energy Efficiency of Cool Roofing and Metal Roofs

Everywhere you look, concern for the environment is changing how we live, how we shop and, for home builders and roofers, how we build. Consumers today are increasingly aware of the effects of carbon emissions on the environment and the need to use less energy and resources to save money, and to save the planet.  Roofing is a key building component where a lot of energy can be saved, and both cool roofing and metal roofing are great ways to improve the energy efficiency of any building.

Solar panel technician on roof with solar panels

Benefits of Cool Roofing

The future of roofing lies in reducing the heat absorbed by roofs of buildings and homes, and turning roofs into places of energy conservation, even clean energy generation. New roofing materials and types of roofing on the market are aimed to do the following:

  • Reflect sunlight to reduce local air temperatures
  • Reduce electricity use needed for air conditioning when buildings heat up
  • Reduce power emissions due to less electricity use
  • Make better use of roof space with innovative ideas
  • Decrease landfill waste using recycled materials
  • Increase property value by protective the building/residence

Types of Cool Roofing

A Word on Solar Roofing

Solar roofing, sold today mostly in the form of solar panels attached to the roof, allows homeowners and businesses to capture the rays of the sun and convert them to energy. This helps reduce fossil fuel energy use, but also help to cool the roof, lowering overall cooling costs on hot days and locking in warmth on cold days.  Now solar roofing is being developed that will incorporate solar panels designed right into the roofing. Solar shingles are already available that incorporate a semiconductor layer that generates energy, much like solar panels do. Recently, Elon Musk of Tesla, along with SolarCity, has recently announced he plans to develop an integrated “beautiful roof that is a solar roof” that will be attractive as well as generate power for use in the home or to send back to the energy grid. It will be an attractive alternative to today’s solar panels.

Of course, there are other ways to create a cool roof beyond a solar roof. Here are a few trends in roofing that we will see more of in the future.

White Roofs

man saving energy by painting a whitewashed roof overlooking the sea in sunny GreeceOne trend is growing in cities and towns everywhere:  painting roofs with reflective materials can drastically conserve energy.  A “global whitewashing”, as Energy Secretary Steven Chu called it, would reduce carbon emissions by 44 billion tons of carbon dioxide if roofs and pavement were made to be more energy efficient.

In creating a “white roof”, a special white paint is used on roof surfaces to protect it from UV light. Similar to how you might wear light-colored clothing, or purchase a car with beige seats rather than black seats, white roofs absorb less sunlight, thereby reducing the “urban heat island effect”, which causes cities to have hotter temperatures than their suburb counterparts. These coatings are thick and reflective, and a variety of products are available for different roof types.  The concept of “white roofing” has been practiced for years in places like sunny Greece where buildings and roofs are routinely painted white to reflect the sunlight and keep the building’s interior cooler.

Green Roofs

In the future, you will likely see more and more green roofs, or roofs with gardens and yards. These roofs include grass, shrubs, and plants, and thrive on rooftops because of the sunlight they absorb. Monaco building examples of energy efficient green roofing with green gardens on the roofAdditionally, it offers a place for insects and wildlife to thrive in the otherwise barren city landscape. If more and more rooftops go green, you could even start seeing small animals like birds, snakes, and squirrels living comfortably on top of buildings. Not only does this “green roof” help cool buildings, but the plants can produce oxygen and also absorb noise, which is incredibly important in an urban landscape.

Protected Membrane Roofs

Protected Membrane Roofs (PMRs) last longer than normal roofs and protect your home or building from extreme climate change. With PMRs, the insulation is on top of the membrane instead of underneath, which helps it maintain temperatures inside whatever it is covering. There are various kinds of membranes, some with more layers than others.

Metal Roofing Can Reduce Energy Usage and Save You Money

Among the best energy saving roofing solutions is metal roofing. Metal roofing is an increasingly popular type of roof that conserves energy, is highly durable and adds beauty to your home. While most people energy efficient copper roofing in a McDonald Highlands home in Las Vegas, NVassume metal roofing might make your home hotter, metals such as zinc, copper, steel, and aluminum naturally absorb heat, but then more quickly release it back into the air. These metals can be molded into beautiful designs and coated with different colors into attractive looking sheets, panels, and shingles. Special paints and coatings can increase the reflectivity of the metal. According to the Cool Metal Roofing Coalition and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, while normal asphalt roofing traps heat, metal roofing reflects up to 90% of solar radiation back into the atmosphere, with the potential to reduce energy usage by up to 40%.

In addition to energy savings, metal roofing can be an environmentally friendly choice. Metal roofing may be made from recycled material. It can even be installed directly over your existing roof, reducing the time and cost of roof replacement.  And, of course, at its end of life, metal roofing can be recycled to be used again, reducing the impact on landfills.

Additional Benefits of Metal Roofing

  • Custom copper roofing on a suburban Las Vegas homeMetal roofing is one of the most durable materials, both fire resistant and waterproof
  • Metal rooftops typically have the longest lifespan, lasting up to 70 years or more
  • Over time, it can improve the value of your home thanks to its protective properties

As consumer trends point towards more energy-efficient buying habits, the future of roofing looks promising. Rooftops can be otherwise wasted space, but instead, today, manufacturers are more and more seeing roofing as an opportunity to not only beautify a home, but also make the most of the roof area to reduce the building’s energy usage and cost, and help the environment.

Prestige Roofing specializes in the fabrication and installation of top quality custom metal roofing. We have completed dozens of projects in Las Vegas and Henderson, helping homeowners, civic institutions and businesses beautify their homes and buildings, adding value and increasing their energy savings with custom copper, zinc and other metal roofing. See our gallery for more examples like these photos, or get a free estimate on an environmentally-friendly, beautiful metal roof for your new or remodeled home.


copper roof on upscale las vegas suburban homeWhile roofs are designed to last for a long time, they don’t last forever. Damaging rains, harsh winds and other extreme weather can put a strain on that sturdy, protective covering on top of your home, your roof.

But, how well-built is your roof?  What makes up quality roof construction for a roof that will last and be able to handle all but the most extreme weather events? And when is it time to contact a Las Vegas roofing company for an inspection, repair or even a re-roofing of your home? It helps to understand a little bit about how your roof works so you can be more prepared to watch out for problems.

Characteristics of Quality Roof Construction in Las Vegas

What makes a quality roof? Are the tiles or shingles what protect you?  What about the basic roof structure, or the sheathing underneath the tiles  – what role do they play? Ask any professional Las Vegas roofer and they will tell you that each component of the roofing system has a part in keeping the inside of your home safe and dry.

There are several components involved with your roofing system besides the top roof covering. If any part of the system fails, it can lead to damage of the other components and may compromise the house’s Layout and installation of roof rafters on a new commercial residential construciton project by framing contactorsbuilding envelope, which is the part of the house that prevents the outdoor weather from entering and the conditioned air inside your home from escaping outside.

Roof Structure

The roof structure is the part of the home that actually supports the layers of the roof. It consists of the trusses and rafters that span the home and provide support where it is needed to evenly support the weight of your roof. Because it is foundational to the roof, your roofer will pay close attention to the construction of the roof structure.

The Importance of Roof Pitch

The roof structure also has to have an adequate pitch (angle) so that the roof can shed off water, ice and snow. If the pitch is incorrect, the roof could send water in the wrong direction. The water can collect in valleys and roof joints, or collect in small standing pools along the roof. In time, the water will begin to rot the wood away and can cause the roof to collapse. Depending on the material used, different minimum roof pitches may apply. For example, minimum roof pitch for a shingle roof is 2/12, or 2 units of vertical rise for every 12 units horizontal (rise/run). In some regions, due to heavy snow, higher roof pitch is preferred. Minimum roof pitch for tile is a bit higher, at 3/12. One way to tell a quality roof installation from a poor one is how appropriate the roof pitch is for the home, type of roof covering and the local climate.


Also referred to as a roof deck, the sheathing is the material that is attached to the roof structure. It can Framing contractor installing roof sheeting over rafters on a new commercial residential construction projectconsist of plywood, metal sheeting, concrete, gypsum or composite materials based on the shingle materials that will be placed on top.

Basically, sheathing is the surface that will allow the other layers to be attached to your roof. It also keeps the rafters and trusses spaced out evenly across the house.

You will recognize quality roof construction and repair when the roofer takes the time to replace rotted sheathing and ensure all fasteners are in place.


Underlayment is the next layer that is applied to the roof. This lightweight layer provides extra protection to the sheathing and roof structure as it is designed to offer water-resistance and ultraviolet light resistance. The main purpose of the underlayment is to keep your roof safe if the top roof covering system fails. It gives you enough time to contact your Las Vegas roof contractor to fix the roof covering when you notice damaged or missing shingles or tiles.

Roof Covering

When it comes to Las Vegas homes, there are as many different roof coverings as there are lifestyles here. Along with some traditional asphalt and wood shingles, you will see many house styles that use Spanish tiles and even a few that use slate. Tile and slate are very durable materials, providing service for 50 or more  years, while shingles have to be replaced every 20-30 years. Metal roofing, such as zinc and copper, is a great, quality alternative roofing material due to its incredible beauty and versatility, as well as longevity of 50-100 years and highly weather resistant properties.

A quality roofer will explain the characteristics and pros and cons of roof materials to you. He will examine your home closely to make sure that it is appropriate for the roof covering you choose, including measuring the pitch of your roof. For example, tiles are very heavy and require a structure that can bear a heavy load.


While many homeowners believe it is the roof covering that is the final element in creating a quality roof, there is one more important component that should not be overlooked. Roof flashing can be considered

Roofer working on house roof installing metal roof flashingas vital as all the other components of the roof system. Flashing are strips of sheet metal that are placed along the roof where there are joints and valleys. It is used to redirect water back onto the shingles if it gets behind the roof covering materials. It is a key component in the weatherproofing of your roof so that water does not get inside the envelope that keeps the interior of your home dry and free of water damage.

While installing roof flashing is considered one of the most tedious tasks in roofing, it can be a great indication for the quality of the roof installation. If the roofer skips this important step, doesn’t properly install step flashing, or uses roof flashing materials that aren’t appropriate, then you can have a roof that will begin to leak and decay. A roof inspector will recognize missing, loose or poorly installed flashing and can correct that for you to prevent against further damage.

All of These Components Are Vital for a Great Roof

If there is even one step overlooked or any improperly installation, your roof components can become exposed to the Las Vegas weather. Your roof may deteriorate faster than normal, and expose your home to the elements. Talk to your roofing contractor or inspector, and learn more about how your own roof works.  You will know how to keep it in good condition and how to spot problems, and your well-cared for roof will last many years into the future.

Weather can cause all kinds of issues for roofs and gutters. Unfortunately, after most severe weather events, unless the damage is obvious, very few people examine the roofs of their homes or businesses. Uprooted tree has caused roof damage on home after a wind stormThis is a mistake that could cost you a lot of money in the long run.

Many areas are seeing more severe weather than ever before, making increased awareness of your roof’s condition more important than ever. Any kind of weather – rain, snow, hail, sleet or high winds – has the potential to cause roof damage. Some roof damage is easy to spot, like fallen trees or roofs blown off.  But not all storm roof damage is easy to spot. Some damage from severe weather can be harder to spot or completely hidden from casual observation, but it can cause problems later under the roof or in the interior of the building.

Common Types of Roof and Gutter Storm Damage

Here are some kinds of roof damage to watch for after severe weather in your area.

  • damaged shingle on roof next to a ladder signifying storm damage roof repairDownspouts/Gutters – Hail and wind can loosen and bend gutters and downspouts, especially if they are older, in poor condition or not securely attached. Heavy rain can wash debris and dirt into your gutters. Once gutters become clogged, they no longer carry water away from the roof and building, potentially causing backup and water damage to the roof or interior of the building. Heavy debris will also cause gutters to sag; putting undue stress on them and further loosening them.  
  • Shingles – Severe wind can lift and even rip shingles off the roof, especially if the roof is older and the sealant stripping is no longer holding well. If your roof has shingles that are cracked and missing, melting snow will create stress on your roof due to the weight; as well as possible leaks as the snow melts.
  • Water Damage – Rain, snow and other forms of long-term moisture from severe weather can create expensive repair issues as well. Rot, mold or rust may appear on the Hail on the Roof causing roof damage after Heavy Stormwalls near where the roof meets them or around transitional metal barriers that join parts of the roof, call flashing. Moisture can build up in these areas over time with multiple weather events, even if they are mild ones. Unrepaired or severe water damage may cause damage to the interior of the building.
  • Water Spots – Check the ceilings of your home or business after a weather event. Do you see any damp rusty colored rings on the ceiling? This is usually the sign of a roof leak. To avoid further problems that can become more expensive as the leak worsens and spreads, contact a professional roofer immediately to assess the damage and make repairs.
  • Dark Stains – Various stains and discolorations in the attic could be a sign of mold that has developed in areas poorly protected from moisture. This issue is sometimes caused by poor roof sealing and can be exacerbated by a lot of wet weather. If layers of the roof are starting to lift, water may be getting into the attic with each rain, hail or snowstorm.
  • Man repairing collapsed ceiling. Ceiling panels damaged huge hole in roof from rainwater leakage.Water damaged ceiling .Holes in Roof – Storms that produce projectiles, such as sleet, hail or very heavy rainfall, can give your roof a pounding. If your roof is older, this type of intense weather can actually punch large or even small holes in the roof. Some of these holes caused by storms may be not be easily seen without a close inspection.

If you live in parts of the country where severe weather events are more than a rare occurrence, your roof is probably in need of an inspection. Catching and repairing damage early will save a lot of money down the road. Here in Las Vegas the end of the spring rainy season is the perfect time to check your roof. Contact a roofing contractor who will be able to provide an inexpensive, professional Contractor on ladder with cell phone figuring out hail damage repair costs for customer.assessment of your roof, rain gutters, attic and all the related parts that make up the roof’s protective shield.

If your roofer does identify storm damage, get a written estimate for the needed repairs. Then, contact your insurance company. Depending upon coverage, your insurance company may reimburse you for storm repairs. Be sure to have a written checklist, photos and an estimate to show your insurance provider.

A well-designed roof will last for years but even the best designed roofs can take a pounding from storms and other severe weather. Take the time to get a roof inspection today and be ready when the next big storm comes to town.