roof construction in process

Building a safe and durable roof for a home or other building involves planning and carrying out a number of important steps. Each step is necessary to make sure the roof can do its job to safeguard the structure from wind, rain, snow, and ice, protect the building from water leaks, and even help reduce its flammability. A safe installation also involves proper preparation and handling of materials at the roof construction site.

Here is what we will cover:

How Do You Build a Roof?

Before You Start

Man knocking on the front door of a home on a sunny day.

Before your roof replacement project begins, there are a couple of important steps to take first. These are getting a thorough inspection of the existing roof and putting together a project plan.

Roof inspection: A roof inspection of your old roof will give your roofer some important information. The roofer will assess the design and structure of your roof, which will help them determine the right roofing materials and other components. It will also determine the techniques and tools that will be required, what type of remediation of existing problems might be needed, and other details. Your roofer will pay attention to details like drainage and openings so that they can plan to order the right components to make sure water runoff will be properly redirected away from your home. The roofer will also determine the type of building permits needed for the project.

As part of the inspection, your roofer may suggest a few things for you to do to prepare the site. For a residential roofing project, this might include trimming tree branches and bushes that overhang the roof and moving items in the yard that will impede work, such as tools or yard furniture close to the house.

Project plan: Your project plan is vital to a successful project. If you are building a new roof, you will choose a style of roof and work with an architect to complete the design the roofer will use to build it. There are many types of roof to choose from. If it’s a roof replacement, you will set a budget and select roofing materials. Your choice will also depend on the style of your home, the roof pitch, the climate in your area, and roof designs in your neighborhood, especially if there are homeowners’ association guidelines to be followed. Your roofer will go over roof material choices with you, which, in some cases, may also include roof fixtures, gutters, or other items that are needed. This is a good time to ask questions about durability and performance of the materials.

Your roofer will complete the project plan with the intended roof design and provide the total estimated cost of the job. Now that you have the plan, work can begin.

Steps to Build a Roof

Your materials have arrived and your project is now underway. There are three major stages to carry out to build your new roof.

Remove the Old Roof

professional roofers laying roofing tiles

The first step, removing the old roof, happens as follows:

  1. Remove loose debris like branches, nails, broken roof shingles, and other items on the old roof. This clears the way for workers to expedite the roof removal.
  2. Examine the roof for visibly damaged areas, such as moisture or rot that could endanger a roofer. Make any repairs needed to stabilize that area and make sure the roof deck is in good condition for construction of the new roof.
  3. Remove components such as flashing and drainage to ready the roof so tiles can come off.
  4. Remove the old roofing materials. They may come up individually, in sections, or be cut into pieces for removal, such as asphalt tiles.

With the roof removed, another close inspection is carried out to find any areas of the frame and underlying areas that need repair.

Once the preparation of the roof area is complete, it’s time to install the new roof.

Install the New Roof

roof construction project in las vegas

The new roof is built layer by layer, and the roof materials installed from the bottom roof edge upward.

  1. Install the underlayment. This usually consists of self-adhesive waterproof sheets that roll out and cover the roof deck to protect the structure from water and ice.
  2. Add a layer of tar paper that will help direct water that gets under the shingles to roll off the roof. It also helps to reduce flammability. This material is attached in sections and stapled to the underlayment.
    roofing tiles being installed by worker

    Construction workers Fixing roof tiles, with roofing tools, electric drills used on roofs in safety kits for safety.

  3. Install the roofing materials. If they are shingles, this starts at the bottom and the shingles are layered downward to direct water flow toward the ground. The shingles are attached using a nail gun. Metal roofing will be installed in sheets and attached with screws of the same material. This is the most time-consuming part of the project.
  4. Install the metal flashing around roof fixtures that overlay the edges of the new roof shingles, preventing water leaks. Reattach or install gutter systems, as needed. For metal roofs, add the edging or eaves to finish off the installation.view of roof shingles in residential roofing project
  5. Cap the roof ridge. These roof shingles run along the top ridge of the roof and are a different shape. They are attached with longer nails as they go through the initial layer of shingles.
  6. Check seals and clean up. The installer will do a final check for exposed or protruding nails, clean up debris, and make sure all components are installed properly.
  7. Inspection and Site Cleanup. The site supervisor will inspect the entire roof and make sure everything is securely and correctly installed. They will check that all roof openings, like vents and skylights, are properly sealed. Meanwhile, the entire property will be cleaned up of any stray nails and screws, roofing materials, tools, or other debris, so the property is left safe and in the condition it was before the project began.

Owner Inspection and Project Closure

residential roofing installation

Once the new roof is installed, the roofer will conduct a final inspection to ensure that the project was completed according to the plan and to your satisfaction. They will also explain the roof warranty and any upkeep that may be required.

The roof warranty will typically cover defects in materials and workmanship for a certain period of time. It is important to read the warranty carefully to understand what is covered and what is not.

The roof may also require some ongoing upkeep, such as cleaning and repairing any damage. It is important to follow the roofer’s recommendations for upkeep to ensure that your roof lasts for many years.

Prestige Roofing has been installing beautiful roofs in Las Vegas for over 25 years. If you are looking to replace your roof in the Las Vegas area, give us a call at 702-646-7536.

Pests that Can Damage Your Roof

Rats are one kind of roof pest

Wild Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) at night. High speed photography image

Your roof plays a crucial role in safeguarding your Las Vegas home from the elements, including rain, snow, and sun. However, it faces threats beyond weather. Pest infestations can pose serious risks to your roof’s integrity over time. While natural wear and tear are factors, critters seeking refuge can contribute to roof damage. Depending on your location and the condition of your roof, various pests may appear, causing distinct harm that may leave your roof in need of repairs.

Common Roof Pests

Pigeons on a tile roof

Especially white pigeons sitting on a roof

Pigeons – Pigeons and other birds like to hang out on rooftops throughout Las Vegas. Pigeons, also known as rock doves, love to congregate on the roofs of homes and businesses. They may look innocent from the ground, but their droppings are acidic and can damage roof shingles and other components. Feathers and nesting materials can clog gutters, causing backups of rainwater which leads to roof damage, including mold and roof leaks that cause further structural damage. If you start to see birds hanging around your roof, you can help keep that to a minimum by removing bird feeders or other items that may be attracting them to your yard. If they continue to hang out, take more direct steps to discourage them.

Rats and Mice – Roof rats, Roof rats, Norway rats, and house mice are common attic inhabitants and roof pests. They are great at finding the smallest openings under roof shingles and through vents and other openings. They will chew holes in the weakest spots in your roof to gain access, leaving the interior exposed. They like to nest in attic insulation and will chew right through it, along with your electrical wiring and wooden rafters. If these pests stay too long, the homeowner may notice the smell of urine and other odors. Home fires can happen if a rodent chews through electrical wires, so it’s best to act fast to eliminate rodents. Once they invade, you will need the help of a pest control professional who can place traps in the places they frequent and clean up what they’ve left behind.

Bats – Bats seek refuge in roof rafters and dark crevices. Similar to rodents, these roof pests gain access through small openings. Guano left behind can corrode your home. However, bats are ecologically valuable and may be protected. Contact a pest control expert for guidance on bat management.

Termites and Carpenter Ants – These roof pests establish colonies within roofs and frames, causing significant structural damage. They bore through wood, leaving holes that expose your home to the elements. These insects prefer damaged or decaying wood due to dry rot, mold, or mildew. Older or leak-damaged roofs are especially susceptible. Making it important to maintain your roof.

Bees and Wasps – Bees and wasps may construct nests under eaves and gutters, and some species like carpenter bees chew wood to create nest space. Large nests can strain roofs, and the presence of stinging pests near your home can be risky for occupants.

Squirrels and Chipmunks – These adorable rodents are attracted to roofs and can cause roof damage similar to rats and mice once inside.

Raccoons – These masked creatures seek cozy spots for raising their young. If they find a weak spot in your roof, their strong claws can create a sizable hole for entry. Protect your home with regular roof maintenance. Woodpeckers – Woodpeckers target termite and ant larvae, pecking at rotted wood and causing significant damage.

Signs Pests May Be Damaging Your Roof

Contractor assessing roof damage for roof repair

Contractor on ladder with cell phone figuring out damage repair costs for customer.

Since damage may be happening out of view, the first signs of roof pests living in your roof may be the sound of scurrying feet, chewing, or flapping wings. Sounds from the attic should be investigated by your pest control provider as soon as possible so the culprit is identified and removed. Other signs you may notice include droppings, living or dead critters, and nests. Termite damage may go unnoticed early on, but holes in siding, walls, window frames, or other wood components may be signs of termites or carpenter ants. You may even spot the insects around the home.

How to Safeguard Against Roof Pests

Maintaining your roof’s well-being is vital in preventing pest infestations. Swiftly replace decaying wood and damaged shingles, and address leaks to prevent mold and weakening of rafters. Regular roof inspections, especially following storms, are crucial. Clear debris from roofs and gutters to thwart pests from finding hiding spots. Addressing Infestations and Repairs If an infestation occurs, engage pest control experts before seeking a thorough roof inspection. A qualified roofer can identify issues, like damaged shingles or leaky gutters, caused by pests. Early intervention minimizes minor damage escalation due to exposure.

Addressing Infestations and Roof Repairs

If you have experienced an infestation, following removal by your pest control company, have your roofer inspect your roof, including the underlayment and rafters that support the roof. A qualified roofer is the best person to identify issues with roof components and support structures such as shingle damage, roof tiles out of place, loose or leaky gutters, and so on. Even minor damage, if missed, will become worse with exposure to wind and rain over time. If you’ve caught the problem early, any roof repairs may be minimal.

Considering Roof Replacement

If the infestation was related to an older roof with significant signs of aging, such as water damage or leaks that have caused wood to rot and crumble, or shingles that have lost their coating and are no longer adequately protecting the home from rainwater, your roofer may suggest a roof replacement. An old roof is most subject to infestation as critters can more easily find weak areas to break through to find shelter.

And finally, regular inspection by your pest control pro and an annual preventive roof inspection and regular maintenance by your roofer will help make sure you don’t have problems with any unwelcome guests inside your roof.

Finding Qualified Roofing Services

Slate rooftop - quality roofing job To help avoid pests choosing your roof and attic as their new home, it’s best to keep your roof in good condition. Find a good professional roofer who can partner with you to keep your roof in top condition. A quick annual inspection will find early signs of damage or animal activity that can then be quickly remedied before it becomes a big problem. For roof care in Las Vegas, Prestige Roofing offers roof inspections, roof maintenance, and roof repair. If it’s time to replace your older roof, we offer a wide range of attractive options for re-roofing your home. For more information, give Prestige Roofing a call today at 702-646-7536.

What we cover in this post:

sturdy roof shingles

Looking at a roof replacement or a new roof for a building project? Planning for your roofing project should start early and include a number of factors that will help you manage within your budget and get the best results, an attractive new roof that will give your home many years of protection. Here are a few guidelines to help you plan your roofing project.

First Steps: Identify Quality Roofers and Gather Quotes

Once you know you will need a roof replacement due to an aging roof, storm, or other damage, home restoration, or building a new home, it’s important to have a plan. Set your budget early and determine how you will pay for the project. This will help you set realistic financial expectations. If you will need financing, many roofers work with home improvement financing companies, or you may have a lender at your bank or mortgage company who can help. Get a good idea of what you can afford and pay for, then begin your search for the right roofer.

 

Roofers generally work in the months when the weather is mildest, usually late spring, summer, and early fall. Overall, winter is a great time to contact and meet with potential roofers for a roof inspection and a quote for your project. This lets you get access to their spring or summer calendar and may help you avoid price increases that may come during the busier season.

Choosing your Roofer

construction workers shaking hands

Engineer contractor shaking hands at the breakdown house construction site working architecture planning in sunny weather day.

Select a minimum of two or three local roofers to meet with and discuss your project. Select roofers who are licensed (you can check license status online with your state), located locally with an actual facility, and have a good reputation. Check their reviews online. Ask your roofer candidates about their insurance coverage. You do not want to be liable if one of their workers has an accident, or if your home is damaged inadvertently during work.

 

Once you’ve qualified a few professionals, talk with them and narrow down the selection. Make sure you and your roofer communicate well since there are many details you will want to be able to discuss with them as the project goes forward. You should meet with them in person, get satisfactory answers to your questions and be able to reach them easily by phone, text, or email. A new roof is a big project and a significant investment, so it’s fine to keep looking for the right roofer.

Avoid Roofing Scam Artists


If a roofer has no local office address that you can drive by, he may be a fly-by-night contractor and is best avoided. If a roofer you are vetting quotes a very low price, it’s likely he is not a quality roofer. Even if he completes the work, he may skimp on training, safety, and labor costs. Materials may be low quality or not show up at all. If a roofer asks for his full fee upfront, avoid doing business with him. He may be a scam artist who takes the money and then disappears.

Understand your Roofing Quote

Roofing projects involve many elements. Your roofing quote should reflect that and contain detailed information. You should not just receive a dollar estimate, but a full written quote that details what the work will include. Your quote should contain information about these proposed items:

 

  • Type and quantity of materials and their cost (including brand)
  • Labor cost
  • Estimated start and completion dates
  • Method of installation and any special requirements
  • Total cost and payment requirements
  • Warranty details
  • Contact information, contractor license

 

You should not choose your roofer only by the lowest quote. Read all the details on the quote for a full picture of the project your roofer will deliver and choose the one that will give you the best result for your roof project budget.

Materials and Design Choices

red and tan roof

Before you buy, it’s important to get a clear understanding of your materials and design options. Different materials have different characteristics, lifespans, and costs. If you want a roof that will last a long time, concrete tiles or metal roofing are good choices, highly durable and hold up well to heat, cold, and wind. Asphalt tiles last 15-40 years, require minimal maintenance, and are an affordable choice. Be sure to understand any HOA requirements, and accommodate your home’s style and roof type, as well as your local climate and neighborhood aesthetics. For many roofing materials choices, there are many styles and colors available for you to choose from.

 

When selecting materials, don’t focus only on the cost. Quality materials made by reputable brands will last longer and generally require less repair and maintenance, giving you long-term value for the slightly higher price. Take time to do your research online and work with your roofer until you are comfortable with your choices.

Schedule the Work

roofer working on roof

Framing contractor installing roof sheeting over rafters on a new commercial residential construction project

Your project schedule may be affected by your roofer’s backlog of projects. This is one reason to plan many months ahead. Most projects must be completed in dry, warmer weather, which means only a few months of the year, and roofers’ capacity fills up quickly. Scheduling may also be affected by crew availability as teams may be committed to other projects, sometimes including emergency repair projects.

 

Another reason your project may be delayed is the availability of materials, especially with supply chain interruptions in recent years. Find out if there are any issues related to delivery when you are choosing your materials. That way, you can either adjust your timing expectations or choose something different that is not on backorder.

Contingency Planning

As a contingency, have a backup plan to relocate temporarily in case that becomes necessary. Your roofer will let you know if there’s any planned reason the home should be vacated. In most cases, work can be carried out without interrupting your use of the home.

 

Ask your roofer how they handle weather events. Do they have a tarp or other protection to lay over any exposed areas of the home in case of a rainstorm? Are they able to reschedule and complete the project after weather delays or will they have scheduling conflicts that may leave your project unfinished for longer than you expected? Knowing ahead of time how bad weather will impact your project will help you with planning your own schedule and with setting expectations with your roofer.

Prepare the Worksite

Help keep your project on track by preparing your home for the arrival of your roofing team. Trim back trees or tall bushes that overhang the roof so the work area is fully available. Be sure to remove items that are close to the outside of the house, such as lawn furniture or gardening tools, to allow roofers to move around, lay out their materials and equipment, and easily access the roof. Plan to keep pets inside as much as possible during the roofers’ work hours.

 

Your roofer should remove any debris from the worksite to keep it accessible and safe for you and your family. They may locate a dumpster at the site to contain the debris that will be hauled away at the end of the project.

Inspect your Roofer’s Work

palm tree in front of luxurious brick building

Congratulations! Your project has been completed. As a last step, schedule a roof inspection of the completed work with your roofer. Walk around the entire roof and look for anything that looks wrong such as loose, missing or out of place parts. Check that flashing, rain gutters and other roof elements are firmly and correctly placed so they will perform as required in the next rainstorm. The roof should slope smoothly in all directions to drain water away, with no areas where water can pool and cause damage to your home. Ask any questions you have, including maintenance requirements for your new roof. This is your chance to be sure the work has been done to your satisfaction, so take your time with your roof inspection.

Understand your Roof Warranty

Take time to read through and understand your roof warranty. Your roof materials will generally be warranted by the manufacturer for 10-30 years, longer for some materials. The warranty may stipulate that you perform proper roof maintenance, so read and understand those requirements as well.

 

Your contractor warranty may cover labor for 1 or more years after installation. Understand that coverage as it is different from your materials-only warranty.

 

A full roofing system warranty covers flashing and other accessories or decorative roof elements (not covered in your roof tiles or shingles warranty) and may or may not be included.

 

Inspect your warranty carefully so you know what is covered and what is not. Direct any questions to your roofer so that you are comfortable with your coverage.

Stay Organized

Getting a new roof doesn’t have to be stressful. Read and keep your quote, contract, and warranty on hand and you’ll be set in case any questions come up on your new roof. Best of all, you’ll feel great when the project is done and your home is protected with a quality new roof that looks great and will last for decades.

Prestige Roofing

exterior view of Prestige Roofing

Prestige Roofing has been providing quality roofing to homes and businesses in Southern Nevada for over 25 years. Our trained and experienced team members are here to help you with your roofing project. Give us a call for a free quote on your roofing project today.

Prestige Roofing Prestige Roofing’s work ranges from service and repair work,  re-roofing  and new construction work, commercial and residential work. They have also done work for ultra-custom projects around the Las Vegas Valley.

Prestige Roofing Prestige Roofing’s work ranges from service and repair work,  re-roofing  and new construction work, commercial and residential work. They have also done work for ultra-custom projects around the Las Vegas Valley.